It’s always been a challenge to grow bamboo in the south east part of the U.S. but it is possible because if the soil is well drained.
Bamboo does not like too much water in the soil and will actually show signs if it is too wet, just like how it will tell you that it need watering through the longitudinal rolling of its leaves.
Bamboo is a member of the grass family and prefers a high nitroren fertilizer, manmade or organic. A slow release form with 3-1-2 ratio containing micronutrients works well in sandy or clay soils. It’s a very versatile plant which you can use for many purposes such as making Bamboo shades and other home furnitures and decor.